An Overview

As a technology provider for the global foreign exchange market, 360T interacts daily with a wide spectrum of international financial institutions that contain a wealth of expertise, knowledge and insight regarding the world’s largest asset class. In our podcast series we look to tease out just a fragment of this information inviting our listeners to join an exchange amongst industry professionals with each episode.

The episodes themselves consist of short, informal interviews with senior figures from market-leading firms within the FX industry, exploring some of the key trends and themes they see impacting the market today. Tracing the evolution of technology, liquidity, credit, data analytics, market structure, trading strategies and more, this podcast series offers a wide range of unique insights regarding how the FX market today is developing around us.

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Episode 28 | 2021 | 17 min
Van Luu, Global Head of Currency at Russell Investments
With the Uncleared Margin Rules (UMR) due to start impacting a number of buy-side firms starting this September, Van Luu, Global head of Currency at Russell Investments, discusses the preparations that his firm has been making to ensure compliance, both on their own behalf and on behalf of their clients.
He then goes on to analyse how investors should be thinking about currency hedging in the Covid era, analysing the various pros and cons associated with different approaches to hedging FX exposures.
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Episode 27 | 2021 | 18 min
Allan Guild, Director, Hilltop Walk Consulting
New regulatory requirements have been a huge driver of change within financial markets over the past decade, and FX has certainly not been exempt from this trend. Even now, Allan Guild, the director of Hilltop Walk Consulting, sees the direction of travel in the industry being towards a more regulated trading environment, which market participants will need to adapt to. Consequently, Guild argues that there is now an opportunity for greater innovation around automation, best execution and building a holistic approach to FX trading.
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Episode 26 | 2021 | 15 min
Paul Matherne, Head of FX EMEA, BNY Mellon
The over-arching theme of this episode is the “tech-celeration” that has occurred in the FX industry over the past year as firms have been forced to adapt to new ways of operating. Paul Matherne, Head of FX EMEA at BNY Mellon, sees evidence of this trend in how buy-side firms are looking at custody, their willingness to use algos and their desire to automate more of their FX trading and workflows. And looking ahead, he argues that market structure changes will continue to fuel more innovation in 2021.
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Episode 25 | 2021 | 22 min
Colin Lambert, Co-Founder, The Full FX
The discussion opens with Colin Lambert, the co-founder of the The Full FX news website, joking that he has been predicting structural changes within the FX Swaps space for a long time but that the scene might finally be set for these to actually happen. All of which begs the question: why now and not sooner? Elsewhere in the episode Lambert gives his opinion on the state of innovation within the FX industry, why regulators need to ensure that rules are applied uniformly and the strengths and weaknesses of the Global Code of Conduct.
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Episode 24 | 2021 | 15 min
Sven Schubert, Senior Investment Strategist, Vontobel Asset Management
In a forward-looking episode Dr. Sven Schubert from Vontobel Asset Management outlines both why he thinks 2021 will be a risk-on year for financial markets and that volatility could pick up once again in FX towards the back end of the year. The discussion also covers the knock-on impact to the currency markets of the new Biden administration, whether the yuan could one day challenge the US dollar as the global reserve currency and what happens to the pound and the euro now that the Brexit transition period has ended.
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Episode 23 | 2021 | 19 min
Market Data Special: Peer Joost from DIGITEC, Lydia Solinski & Simon Bajec from 360T
Starting the new year with a bang, this episode features three guests as Peer Joost from DIGITEC joins Lydia Solinski and Simon Bajec from 360T to discuss how the increased importance of market data is changing and shaping the FX industry. They begin by explaining how market participants should differentiate between different data sources and products and highlighting the challenges associated with getting a new data feed off the ground. Then the trio go on to tackle some broader questions about whether data is a democratising force in FX and whether behaviour in the industry is noticeably changing as firms become increasingly data-savvy in their approach to trading.
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Episode 22 | 2020 | 18 min
Andrew Strasman, Principal at Totem Asset Group (18 min)
This episode focuses specifically on trend following, with Andrew Strasman from Chicago-based Totem Asset Group explaining why 2020 should have been a great year for firms deploying this strategy, but also why in some cases it wasn’t. He also discusses why FX has become a more frustrating asset class for trend followers to trade, makes the case that this strategy is still an effective diversification play within investors portfolios and talks about how to distinguish a relevant correlation in financial markets from a spurious one.
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Episode 21 | 2020 | 15 min
Peter Lewis, Founder/Director of Peter Lewis Consulting and Presenter of “Money Talks” on Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK)
Following a contentious US election Peter Lewis, who hosts one of the most popular English language radio programmes in Hong Kong, gives his perspective on what a Biden administration could mean for China and its economy. He also discusses why the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) is concerned about a recent surge in the value of the yuan, the growing competition amongst APAC’s major financial centres and whether Hong Kong’s new national security law could threaten its position within the global financial system.
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Episode 20 | 2020 | 13 min
Ian Campbell, Treasurer, TT International
This episode opens with Ian Campbell from the asset management firm TT International tracing the evolution of technology within the FX industry, explaining that one of the key changes that have emerged as a result is that firms now have many diverse options for how they want to handle different order types. He goes on to talk about trading EM currencies, explaining that whilst liquidity conditions have improved in recent years the myriad of restrictions and regulations that still exist in these markets can still make these currencies challenging to trade. Indeed, although Cambpell notes that many of the regulations that have been introduced into developed markets over the past decade have worthwhile goals, he also suggests that they have slowed the pace of innovation in FX.
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Episode 19 | 2020 | 17 min
Marc Chandler, Chief Market Strategist, Bannockburn Global Forex
Although “volatility events” like the US presidential election, Brexit trade negotiations and a second wave of Covid-19 could provide investors with short-term opportunities to benefit from trends in the currency markets, Marc Chandler from Bannockburn Global Forex argues that they’re unlikely to change the longer-term direction of currency moves. During this episode he also discusses the potential impact of a K-shaped recovery on FX markets, whether or not central banks are running out of room to maneuvre and why a recent decision by authorities in China might prove significant for the RMB.
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Episode 18 | 2020 | 14 min
Robbert Sijbrandij, Head of Institutional FX, Flow Traders
There’s been a lot of talk about NDF trading shifting towards electronic channels, but is this actually happening? Robbie Sijbrandij from Flow Traders discusses how this product segment is evolving, in addition to delivering his view on the challenges and opportunities around trading FX Futures, Outright Forwards and FX Swaps. Sijbrandij goes on to explain that for firms like Flow Traders credit remains a core concern when it comes to FX trading, but also highlights the steps that the firm is taking to mitigate any potential issues on this front.
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Episode 17 | 2020 | 17 min
Justin Slaughter, Partner, Mercury Strategies
The upcoming US presidential election could prove to be a crucial fork in the road when it comes to financial regulation, explains Justin Slaughter, a partner at Mercury Strategies. In this episode he talks about the potential for the politicisation of US regulatory agencies, the extent to which international cooperation on financial rules could be jeopardized and whether or not geopolitical conflicts around trade and technology could be replicated within financial markets.
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Episode 16 | 2020 | 22 min
Juan Garcia, Director of Domestic Operations, Banco de México
The local FX market in Mexico is ripe for change, and technology could be the catalyst for it, says Juan Garcia at Banco de México. For example, he highlights that ten years ago less than 20% of FX trading in Mexico was conducted via electronic channels, whereas today that figure is estimated to be around 60%. In this podcast episode Garcia talks about the implications of this trend, as well as anaylsing the growth prospects for the Mexican peso going forwards and discussing the impact of the Global Code of Conduct on the domestic market.
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Episode 15 | 2020 | 14 min
Saeed Amen, Founder of Cuemacro
In this episode, Saeed Amen from Cuemacro discusses the practical challenges facing firms as they try to adopt a more data-driven approach to FX trading. These include finding a source of high-quality data for non-spot FX products, overcoming the fragmented nature of the market and having the right technology with which to analyse the data being accumulated. Amen also explains that sourcing the right data is only the first step — to derive the maximum value from it firms need to apply their domain-specific expertise.
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Episode 14 | 2020 | 12 min
Kirstie MacGillivray, Head of Multi-Asset Dealing, Kames Capital
This episode opens with MacGillivray talking about her firm’s technology stack for multi-asset dealing, explaining that there is no “one-size-fits-all” solution and, therefore, the desk has instead built out a “best-of-breed” model which deploys asset class specific technology to ensure the best execution outcomes. MacGillivray also highlights areas where she sees existing technology being adapted to fit different asset classes, talks about the importance of reducing manual risk from the trading desk and discusses how attitudes towards handling FX exposures are slowly changing amongst the investment management community. The episode ends with MacGillivray expressing optimism that the fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic could lead to greater diversity within the financial services industry, reducing the existing culture of presenteeism that she says exists today.
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Episode 13 | 2020 | 13 min
Christopher Cruden, CEO and Director, Insch Kintore Ltd.
In this episode Christopher Cruden, CEO and Director of the hedge fund Insch Kintore Ltd., reflects on how the FX markets have changed since he launched his first currency trading programme back in 1991 and explains how he has adapted his trading strategy accordingly. Cruden also tackles the question of why trend following strategies have generally yielded poor returns over the past decade and whether or not there is actually such a thing as “sweet spot volatility” when it comes to FX.
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Episode 12 | 2020 | 11 min
Momtchil Pojarliev, Head of Currencies at BNP Paribas Asset Management
Institutional investment portfolios have become increasingly international over the past decade, with one unintentional consequence of this being that FX exposures have similarly increased. As Momtchil Pojarliev, Head of Currencies at BNP Paribas Asset Management, explains, the key question then becomes: how should these investors be managing this risk? In this episode Pojarliev evaluates some of the different currency hedging strategies available to institutional investors and highlights some of the key challenges they face in attempting to implement an effective currency management policy.
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Episode 11 | 2020 | 17 min
Alejandro Padilla, Executive Director of Economic Research & Financial Markets Strategy at Grupo Financiero Banorte
In this episode Alejandro Padilla, Executive Director of Economic Research & Financial Markets Strategy at Grupo Financiero Banorte, gives his outlook for emerging market currencies, noting that contagion curves and stimulus policies are likely to be the main drivers of performance this year. Focusing on Latin America in particular, Padilla explains what different factors will determine currency hedging decisions and talks about the impact of the US election on the value of the Mexican peso.
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Episode 10 | 2020 | 16 min
Melody Martinez-Davidson, Managing Director, Global Head of e-Sales at BBVA
The impact of technology on relationships within the FX industry is one of the central themes of this episode, with Melody Martinez-Davidson from BBVA. She explains that e-trading can actually benefit salespeople by eliminating the administration around their client’s trading activity and freeing up time to focus on more important issues. Martinez-Davidson also details, how various client types have shifted some of their FX trading to different execution channels during the pandemic and why it’s beneficial for sales teams to have a more holistic, cross-asset focus.
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Episode 9 | 2020 | 7 min
Andreas Gaertner, Trader at Traton
In recent months, everyone has had the experience of being on a virtual group call. Conversation is punctured by awkward silences, followed by two or more people trying to talk at once, as technology still doesn’t fully compensate for in-person interaction. In this podcast episode, Andreas Gaertner, a trader at Traton, talks about how his firm has had to adapt to new communication channels, in order to ensure efficient FX execution. He also explains that while the FX market itself is already highly digital, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced firms to make more of the process around trading more digital, a trend that he expects to continue in the future.
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Episode 8 | 2020 | 20 min
James O’Connor, Senior Manager, FX Division, Bank of England
The FX Global Code of Conduct has been a big industry-wide initiative in recent years, but when volatility exploded back into life earlier this year, did it really make a difference? In this podcast episode James O’Connor from the Bank of England talks about putting the Code to work and using it to generate greater communication between counterparties. He also discusses how recent events have served to highlight the changing nature of liquidity within the FX market and the implications of the trend towards increased algo usage amongst buy side firms.
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Episode 7 | 2020 | 13 min
Jasper Livingsmith, Director, Treasury at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
In this podcast Livingsmith highlights that FX Swaps are the core funding instrument for most financial institutions – and therefore are critical within financial markets – but that even now pricing for these often remains significantly wider than normal. He also ruminates on the need for greater automation and end-to-end processing, improved communication and a means to effectively measure output within firms.
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Episode 6 | 2020 | 10 min
Alex Clark, Senior Execution Trader at Aspect Capital
Alex Clark talks to 360T about the liquidity issues caused by the sudden combination of market volatility and people working from home. However, he says that despite stressed liquidity conditions FX algorithms have performed well, enabling the trading team to focus their attention on the most challenging markets, such as EM currencies, options and NDFs. Explaining that enhanced execution tools are in high demand amongst buy side firms right now, Clark discusses how algos have needed to adapt to changing market conditions in recent weeks.
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Episode 5 | 2020 | 15 min
JB Mackenzie, Managing Director, Futures & Forex, TD Ameritrade
If you could go back in time six months before the pandemic, what advice would you give yourself? This is one of the questions put to JB Mackenzie, Managing Director, Futures and Forex at TD Ameritrade, in this podcast episode. He also talks about the impact of recent central bank stimulus, trading in 24 hour markets and how technology has made life better for investors.
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Episode 4 | 2020 | 13 min
Bhav Trivedi, FX and FI Dealer at Merian Global Investors
In this lively discussion Bhav Trivedi talks to 360T about the technical challenges associated with trading in an isolated environment. He also points out how the recent FX volatility tested banks’ re-pricing and auto-hedging capabilities, and why an increased reliance on technology has not diminished the big importance of relationships in the industry.
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Episode 3 | 2020 | 11 min
Nigell Todd, Director Global Foreign Exchange at Fidelity International
In this podcast episode Juan Landazabal from GAM Investments runs through some of the key factors that had to be considered as trading activity moved out of the office and into people’s homes. Having now adjusted to this initial wave of change, he also highlights some of the longer-term challenges – and opportunities – associated with a more decentralised working and trading environment.
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Episode 2 | 2020 | 13 min
Juan Landazabal, Global Head of Trading at GAM Investments
In this podcast episode Juan Landazabal from GAM Investments runs through some of the key factors that had to be considered as trading activity moved out of the office and into people’s homes. Having now adjusted to this initial wave of change, he also highlights some of the longer-term challenges – and opportunities – associated with a more decentralised working and trading environment.
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Episode 1 | 2020 | 12 min
Jim Rockall, Director of Trading at Record Currency Management
In the inaugural episode of “Business as Un-Usual” Jim Rockall from Record Currency Management explains how the fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic has forced his firm to reconsider its compliance and technology boundaries and adapt to new communication challenges. In addition, he discusses life working from home, revealing that one member of his team currently has to contend with a rather unusual noisy neighbour!
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